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Electromagnetic Hypersensitivity from Microwave Technology Finally Medically Proven

http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/924184

Clinical Study
Metabolic and Genetic Screening of Electromagnetic Hypersensitive Subjects as a Feasible Tool for Diagnostics and Intervention
Chiara De Luca,1,2 Jeffrey Chung Sheun Thai,3 Desanka Raskovic,4 Eleonora Cesareo,4 Daniela Caccamo,5 Arseny Trukhanov,2 and Liudmila Korkina1,2

1Centre of Innovative Biotechnological Investigations (Cibi-Nanolab), Novoslobodskaya Street 36/1, Moscow 127055, Russia
2Active Longevity Clinic “Institut Krasoty na Arbate”, 8 Maly Nikolopeskovsky lane, Moscow 119002, Russia
3Natural Health Farm, 39 Jln Pengacara U1/48, Seksyen U1, Temasya Industrial Park, 40150 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
42nd Dermatology Division, Dermatology Institute (IDI IRCCS), Via Monti di Creta 104, 00167 Rome, Italy
5Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morpho-Functional Imaging, Polyclinic University of Messina, 98125 Messina, Italy

Received 28 November 2013; Accepted 26 February 2014; Published 9 April 2014

Academic Editor: Beatriz De las Heras

Copyright © 2014 Chiara De Luca et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract

Growing numbers of “electromagnetic hypersensitive” (EHS) people worldwide self-report severely disabling, multiorgan, non-specific symptoms when exposed to low-dose electromagnetic radiations, often associated with symptoms of multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) and/or other environmental “sensitivity-related illnesses” (SRI). This cluster of chronic inflammatory disorders still lacks validated pathogenetic mechanism, diagnostic biomarkers, and management guidelines. We hypothesized that SRI, not being merely psychogenic, may share organic determinants of impaired detoxification of common physic-chemical stressors. Based on our previous MCS studies, we tested a panel of 12 metabolic blood redox-related parameters and of selected drug-metabolizing-enzyme gene polymorphisms, on 153 EHS, 147 MCS, and 132 control Italians, confirming MCS altered –0.0001) glutathione-(GSH), GSH-peroxidase/S-transferase, and catalase erythrocyte activities. We first described comparable—though milder—metabolic pro-oxidant/proinflammatory alterations in EHS with distinctively increased plasma coenzyme-Q10 oxidation ratio. Severe depletion of erythrocyte membrane polyunsaturated fatty acids with increased ?6/?3 ratio was confirmed in MCS, but not in EHS. We also identified significantly altered distribution-versus-control of the CYP2C19*1/*2 SNP variants in EHS, and a 9.7-fold increased risk (OR: 95% C.–74.5) of developing EHS for the haplotype (null)GSTT1 + (null)GSTM1 variants. Altogether, results on MCS and EHS strengthen our proposal to adopt this blood metabolic/genetic biomarkers’ panel as suitable diagnostic tool for SRI.

1. Introduction

The term electromagnetic hypersensitivity or electrosensitivity (EHS) referred to a clinical condition characterized by a complex array of symptoms typically occurring following exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) even below recommended reference levels and is followed by remission through the complete isolation [1, 2]. The most frequently claimed trigger factors include video display units, radio, televisions, electrical installations, extremely low-frequency ranges of electromagnetic fields or radio-frequencies—including the so-called dirty electricity due to poor isolation of electric wires and telephonic lines, wireless devices, and wi-fi—fluorescent lamps and low-energy lights, appliances with motors, photocopiers, microwave transmitters, and high tension power lines (reviewed in [3, 4]). EHS is characterized by a broad range of nonspecific multiple-organ symptoms implying both acute and chronic inflammatory processes, involving mainly skin and nervous, respiratory, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, and gastrointestinal systems, in most cases self-reported in absence of organic pathological signs except skin manifestations (reviewed in [2, 5]).

Many efforts have been made to determine if a causal relationship between exposure to EMFs and claimed health symptoms does exist and to identify biologically plausible mechanisms underlying this syndrome (for review, see [2, 6, 7]). Despite the growing wealth of evidences gathered both in vitro and in vivo on animal models, data from human case-control and double-blind trials attempting to correlate EMFs exposure and claimed symptoms, resulted so far controversial [8–10]. Nowadays, wide gaps still exist in understanding EHS, which most often remains neglected by the medical community or confined within the frame of mere psychogenic etiology [11, 12]. In the persistent lack of a proven pathogenetic mechanism for electromagnetic hypersensitivity and of clinical consensus on the few proposed diagnostic and therapeutic approaches hypothesized, no guideline for safe and efficient validated treatments has been made available until now to the patients worldwide [13, 14].

Nevertheless, the number of subjects self-reporting EHS is progressively increasing, especially in European countries [15–17], with symptoms that are often strongly disabling both professionally and socially, motivating patients to leave home and job to find rescue in “electromagnetic pollution-free” environmental settings. Because of the huge socioeconomic impact anticipated for EHS syndrome worldwide, the World Health Organization has devoted considerable attention to EHS, acknowledging this condition and recommending that people self-reporting sensitivities receive a comprehensive health evaluation [18].

Clinical similarities and frequent comorbidity between EHS and the other medically unexplained multisystem conditions of environmental origin, like multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), fibromyalgia (FM), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), sick building syndrome, Persian Gulf War veteran syndrome, and amalgam disease, to which EHS is often associated [19, 20], have induced many authors to hypothesize that these so-called idiopathic environmental intolerances (IEI), more extensively also defined as sensitivity-related illnesses (SRI) [21], may share common genetic and/or metabolic molecular determinants connected with an impaired capability to detoxify xenobiotics (for review, see [19, 22]). Our group has evidenced for the first time a set of altered metabolic blood parameters—comprising selected redox-active and detoxifying enzymes, low-molecular weight antioxidants and oxidation markers, membrane polyunsaturated fatty acid, and proinflammatory cytokine patterns—specifically and selectively compatible with the MCS condition [23]. Recently, we contributed to the still open issue of possible genetic polymorphic patterns associated with MCS proneness, proposing a pattern of genotypic alterations of the cytochrome P450 isoenzymes CYP2C9, CYP2C19, and CYP2D6, as candidate risk factors for this specific condition, also being potentially able to discriminate different environmental-borne hypersensitivities (MCS, FM, and CFS), depending on specific combinations of their mutated alleles [24].

In this study, the working hypothesis was that EHS, as previously proposed for MCS and other environmental SRI [19, 22], may as well be based on aberrant responses to physic or chemical xenobiotic stressors through airborne or other routes of exposure, due to inherited or/and acquired dysfunction of the chemical defensive system, that is the interrelated network of phase I and II xenobiotic-metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes [19]. Based on the results of our past clinical studies on MCS, FM, and CFS, we sought to assess if similar profiles of metabolic or genetic dysfunctions could be found in those subjects self-reporting EHS phenotype. To this purpose, we measured possible alterations of a previously identified panel of twelve blood redox and lipid parameters and frequencies of selected genetic mutated variants of a set of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transcription factors with first-line roles in the detoxification of physical and chemical xenobiotics, in a group of 153 patients self-reporting EHS symptoms, co-morbid in most cases with different degrees of MCS symptoms. Results were compared to those obtained on 147 MCS patients without EHS symptoms and on a healthy control group of 132 age- and sex-matched subjects, all groups enrolled within the Italian population.

2. Materials and Methods

2.1. Patients

A group of 153 Italian Caucasian consecutive subjects self-reporting hypersensitivity to electro-magnetic fields (EHS group) as described in Figure 1 were enrolled in the study at a specialized Diagnostic Unit for Redox Balance of Istituto Dermopatico dell’Immacolata, IDI IRCCS, Rome, Italy. Age ranged from 16 to 75 years of age (mean ± SD: ) and female sex represented 85.6% (131 subjects). This group was compared with a size-matched group of 147 patients (age range 19–72?y, mean ± SD: , 129F (87.8%)/18M), diagnosed with MCS, but not reporting any symptom of EHS (MCS group). MCS diagnosis was set in both groups according to Cullen’s criteria [25] and modified Quick environmental Exposure and Sensitivity Inventory (QEESI) questionnaire scoring [26, 27]. Cullen’s criteria refer to a disorder characterized by symptoms that involve more than one organ system and are regularly elicited by chemically unrelated compounds at doses far below those known to cause adverse effects in the general population. Symptoms typically improve considerable or heal completely after trigger withdrawal [25]. QEESI is a validated self-administered questionnaire developed as a screening tool for patients with multiple chemical sensitivity. It is based on five different scales of assessment: symptoms severity, chemical triggers, other triggers, life impact, and finally a masking index to ongoing exposures [26, 27]. A modified QEESI score of 10 common environmental exposures and 10 major symptoms enabled the diagnosis of MCS: full diagnosis (20 = Score = 30) or strongly suspected diagnosis (sMCS, suspected MCS), that is subjects fulfilling diagnostic criteria only partially (10 = Score = 20), or subjects excluded from enrollment (0 = Score = 10) [23]. As commonly seen by our group occurring in the Italian patient population, the large majority (94.7%) of the EHS group was also affected with multiple chemical sensitivity (fully diagnosed or suspected MCS).
924184.fig.001
Figure 1: Electromagnetic field sources reported as symptom triggers in the group of patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, ). Data are expressed as percent of patients affected on the total number of patients.

A cohort of 132 healthy age- and sex-matched subjects was enrolled as the control group (CTR group), (age range 18–74?y, mean ± SD: , 109F (82.6%)/23M), according to the established criteria of (i) absence of any clinically diagnosed disease, in particular allergic or immunologic disturbances, (ii) no drug or nutraceutical supplement since at least six weeks, at the time of blood sampling, and (iii) whole blood total production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS/RNS) below 650?cps/µL, as determined by luminol-dependent chemiluminescent response to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) [28] (Study protocol approval by Istituto Dermopatico dell’Immacolata—IDI IRCCS, Rome, Italy—Ethical Committee, n.52/CE/2010).

All patients and controls entering the study had taken no drugs or nutraceutical supplements known to interfere with metabolizing/antioxidant enzymes activity since at least six weeks, at the time of blood sampling. Nonsmokers in the patient groups were, respectively, 89.3% in EHS and 81.8% in MCS, and 85.2% in the CTR group; undetermined smoking habits were registered in 2% of EHS and 7% of MCS patients, and in 5% of controls. Patients and controls were selected from different Italian regions in the attempt to minimize the historical genetic variability in this country [29]. Demographic information (age, race, weight, and height) and a detailed medical history were recorded in a standardized questionnaire-assisted interview, by trained medical personnel. In particular, subjects were asked to report age at onset of symptoms, agents or events likely to initiate EHS and MCS condition, if recognized, and those capable of triggering symptoms once the condition was established. No alcohol or drug abusers were present in any of the three cohorts studied.

The study protocol was reviewed and approved by the Hospital Ethical Committee Board (IDI IRCCS n.121/CE/2008). All subjects gave informed consent to personal and anamnestic data collection, blood sampling for the specific sets of analyses, and blood fraction’s banking.

2.2. Reagents and Assay Kits

Majority of chemical reagents, HPLC standards, mediums, fluorogenic probes, and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT PCR) primers for gene polymorphism analyses were from Sigma Chemical Co. (St. Louis, MO, USA); kits were from Cayman Chem. Co. (Ann Arbor, MI, USA)—enzyme activities are from Qiagen (Hilden, Germany)—DNA extraction is from Applied Biosystems Inc. (Foster City, CA, USA)—polymerase chain reaction is from PCR Kit for CYPs.

2.3. Redox Studies

Complete differential blood cell counts and metabolic/genetic analyses were performed on fresh EDTA-anticoagulated venous blood of 12-hour fasting subjects. Biochemical assays were performed on plasma or erythrocytes (RBC) either immediately (coenzyme Q10—CoQ10) or within 72?hr. on sample aliquots stored at -80°C under argon. Whole blood luminol-dependent chemiluminescence (CL) response to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) was quantified by chemiluminescence according to [28], levels of (nitrites/nitrates) by Griess reagent [30]. Plasmatic total antioxidant capacity (TAC) was determined as described previously [31]. Reduced and oxidised glutathione (GSH and GSSG) levels in erythrocytes [32], reduced and oxidized CoQ10, and alpha-tocopherol levels in plasma [33] were quantified by HPLC equipped with array photodiode and electrochemical detection. Activities of CuZn superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) [34], catalase [35], glutathione S-transferase (GST) [36], and glutathione peroxidase (GPX) [37] in erythrocytes were measured spectrophotometrically.

2.4. Erythrocyte Membrane Fatty Acid Profiling

The fatty acid (FA) pattern of erythrocyte membrane phospholipids was analyzed by gas-chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry with the selected ion monitoring technique, set to identify C16:0, C16:1, C18:0, C18:1cis, C18:1trans, C18:2?6, C18:3?6, C20:4?6, C20:5?3, C22:4?3, C22:5?3, and C22:6?3 peaks [38]. Results were expressed as percent of the total fatty acid content of membrane phospholipids for saturated + monounsaturated FA (SFA), polyunsaturated FA (PUFA), and single representative FA of the ?3 and ?6 series.

2.5. Genotyping of Drug Metabolism-Related Enzymes

Targeted genotype analysis was performed on subgroups of EHS () and MCS patients () and of controls (), with reduced due to financial limitations—but yet representative—group sizes for single genotype. Genomic DNA was purified from 400?µL of human whole blood using the QIAamp DNA Blood Mini Kit (Qiagen, Hilden, Germany) according to the manufacturer’s instructions. DNA was quantified spectrophotometrically at 260?nm, aliquoted, and stored at -20°C until being assayed. Genotyping and controls for eight single nucleotide polymorphisms in drug metabolism- and inflammation-related genes were carried out by real-time PCR allelic discrimination using predesigned TaqMan single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping assays available from Applied Biosystems (Applera Italia, Monza, Italy). The polymorphisms analyzed were those of genes coding for the following: cytochrome P450 (CYP), family 2, subfamily C, polypeptides 9 and 19, namely, CYP2C9*2 (C>T, rs1799853; assay ID: C_25625805_10), CYP2C9*3 (A>C, rs1057910; assay ID: C_27104892_10), and CYP2C19*2 (G>A, rs4244285; assay ID: C_25986767_70); CYP2 subfamily D, polypeptide 6, namely, CYP2D6*4 (1846G>A, rs3892097; assay ID: C_27102431_D0) and CYP2D6*41 (C>T, rs28371725; assay ID: C_34816116_20); aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) Arg554Lys variant (G>A, rs2066853; assay ID: C_11170747_20). Genotyping reactions were set up in a 96-well plate on a 7900HT fast real-time PCR System (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA) and were carried out in a final volume of 20?µL containing 1× TaqMan Genotyping Master Mix, 1× TaqMan-specific assay, and 10?ng genomic DNA, using thermal cycling conditions suggested by manufacturer’s protocols.

The GSTP1 polymorphisms resulting in an Ile (wild type) to Val (mutant) substitution at residue 104 in exon 5 and Ala (Wild Type) to Val (mutant) substitution at residue 113 in exon 6 were determined by real time PCR using two different fluorogenic probes for the wild type and the mutant. By combining the results of the analysis of exon 5 and exon 6, the allelic setup was determined (GSTP1*A = Ile104/Ala113; GSTP1*B = Val104/Ala113; GSTP1*C = Val 104/Val113). The deletion polymorphisms for the GSTM1 and the GSTT1 genes were determined simultaneously in a single assay using a multiplex PCR approach with the amplification of the GSTM1 and the GSTT1 genes from genomic DNA and using ß-globin as internal control [39].

2.6. Statistical Analysis

Statistic significance of redox and fatty acid parameters was evaluated using STATISTICA 6.0 program (StatSoft Inc., Tulsa, OK, USA). Normality of data was checked using the Shapiro-Wilk test. Since the distribution of the data in the three groups was significantly different from normal, nonparametric statistics was used. Values were presented as mean, standard error of the mean, and 1.96× standard error. Mann-Whitney U-test for independent samples was employed for comparison between case groups and controls. All reported P values are from two-tailed tests, and P values of less than 0.05 were considered to indicate statistical significance. If necessary, P values were adjusted for multiple comparisons using the Bonferroni adjustment.

The comparison of allele and genotype frequencies between patients and controls, or in-between patient cohorts, was performed using the GraphPad Prism 4 software (San Diego, CA, USA). Genotypes frequencies of patients’ and control groups were compared with Fisher’s exact test. A P value =0.05 or lower was regarded as statistically significant. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to analyze the frequency of genotypes since they provide a measure of the strength of association, compared to the control population.

3. Results

3.1. Anamnestic and Lifestyle Data

Among EMFs emissions recognized as trigger factors in the group of 153 patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity-EHS, video display units and television were the most frequently reported sources (75% of patients), followed by mobile and landline phones (53%) and by domestic appliances (48%), while 25% of the electrosensitive population studied could not indicate a specific triggering factor (Figure 1). Potential exposure patterns to indoor EMFs can be inferred from the analysis of the percent distribution of occupational features in the EHS group, described in Figure 2.

Figure 2: Occupational features in the group of patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, ). Data are expressed as percentage of the total number of patients.

The percent distribution of concomitant organ diseases (comorbidities) in the EHS patient cohort, as obtained by clinical anamnestic evaluation, is presented in Figure 3(a). Body mass index (BMI) in the EHS subjects ranged between 15 and 37 (mean ± SD: ), while in the group of MCS without electro-hypersensitivity there were 20% overweight patients (BMI: 25.00–29.99), 11% obese (BMI: 30.00–34.99), 2% severely obese (BMI: 35.00–39.99), 11% underweight (BMI: 18.49–16.00), and only 56% normal-weight patients (BMI: 18.50–24.99). Figure 3(b) shows the percent distribution of the other sensitivity-related illness-SRI coexisting with electromagnetic hypersensitivity in the EHS study cohort, where the 52.7% of MCS cases and the 42% of suspected MCS cases sum up clearly predominant 94.7% of multiple chemical sensitivity symptomatic subjects, within the patients self-reporting EHS symptoms.

Figure 3: Distribution of specific organ comorbidities (a) and sensitivity-related illness-SRI comorbidities (b) registered in the case history of the group of patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, ). Data are expressed as percentage of the total patient group, for patients affected by each single category of organ pathologies (a), and by each SRI (b), specifically multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS) or suspected MCS (sMCS), chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), fibromyalgia (FM), and posttraumatic stress disorders (PTSD).

In Figure 4, the main classes of cutaneous symptoms or specific diseases recorded by the clinical operators through questionnaire-assisted anamnestic interview are represented, evidencing remarkable prevalence of acute dermatitis or chronic eczema conditions (both symptoms referable to different etiologies) among EHS subjects, whilst in the MCS group without electro-hypersensitivity urticaria and itching referable to (different etiologies) represented the most common findings.

Figure 4: Skin manifestations (common symptoms and specific diseases) registered in the case histories of the groups of patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, ) and of patients affected by multiple chemical sensitivity without EHS symptoms (MCS, ). Data are expressed as percentage of patients affected by each specific class of cutaneous manifestations.

3.2. Blood Metabolic Parameters

Candidate metabolic biomarkers of electrhypersensitivity, as compared to multiple chemical sensitivity without EHS manifestations and to the corresponding values of the same blood parameters in the group of healthy controls, are shown in Figures 5–8.

Figure 5: Metabolic redox parameters: the antioxidant/detoxification enzymatic activities of erythrocyte GST (a), GPX (b), CuZnSOD, (c) and catalase (d), in the groups of patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, ), of patients affected by multiple chemical sensitivity without EHS symptoms (MCS, ), and of control healthy subjects (CTR, ). Values are represented as mean (?), standard error of the mean (upper and lower limits of the box), 1.96× standard error (upper and lower whiskers). Intergroup significant differences (P) are reported under each panel. RBC: red blood cells; SOD (CuZn superoxide dismutase); GST: glutathione S-transferase; GPX: glutathione peroxidase; prot.: proteins; Hb: haemoglobin.

Figure 6: Metabolic redox parameters: levels of the low-molecular weight antioxidants/cofactors, erythrocyte glutathione ((a) and (b)), and plasma coenzyme Q10 ((c) and (d)), in the groups of patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, ), of patients affected by multiple chemical sensitivity without EHS symptoms (MCS, ), and of control healthy subjects (CTR, ). Values are represented as mean (?), standard error of the mean (upper and lower limits of the box), and 1.96× standard error (upper and lower whiskers). Intergroup significant differences (P) are reported under each panel. RBC: red blood cells: GSH: glutathione reduced form; GSSG: glutathione oxidized form; GS TOT: total glutathione; CoQ10: coenzyme Q10.

Figure 7: Selected representative parameters describing fatty acid (FA) patterns of erythrocyte membrane phospholipids, in the groups of patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, ), of patients affected by multiple chemical sensitivity without EHS symptoms (MCS, ), and of control healthy subjects (CTR, ). (a) % saturated and monounsaturated acid (SFA) on total FA content of phospholipids, (b) % polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on total FA content of phospholipids, and (c) ratio omega-6/omega3 PUFA. Values are represented as mean (?), standard error of the mean (upper and lower limits of the box), and 1.96× standard error (upper and lower whiskers). Intergroup significant differences (P) are reported under each panel. RBC: red blood cells.

Figure 8: Selected representative omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) of erythrocytes membrane phospholipid fatty acids (FA), in the groups of patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity (EHS, ), of patients affected by multiple chemical sensitivity without EHS symptoms (MCS, ), and of control healthy subjects (CTR, ). (a) % C18:26; (b) C20:46; (c) C18:36; (d) C22:63 FAs, on total FA content of phospholipids. Values are represented as mean (?), standard error of the mean (upper and lower limits of the box), and 1.96× standard error (upper and lower whiskers). Intergroup significant differences (P) are reported under each panel. RBC: red blood cells. 18:26 (linoleic acid), 18:36 (alpha linolenic acid), 20:46 (arachidonic acid), and 22:63 (docosahexaenoic acid).

A set of 12 metabolic enzymatic and nonenzymatic redox parameters were measured in the blood of the 153 EHS patients, 147 patients with MCS reporting no EHS, and in the 132 healthy age- and sex-matched CTR subjects. Figure 5 shows the respective alterations of all four enzymatic activities studied in the EHS group, compared to MCS and to control values. More specifically, GST activity in erythrocytes was severely decreased in both EHS and MCS groups, compared to the CTR group (), with no significant difference between the patients’ subgroups (Figure 5(a)). A clearly uprisen erythrocyte GPX activity was registered in the EHS and more markedly in the MCS groups versus controls ( and resp.) (Figure 5(b)), and the same was true for RBC CuZnSOD activity of MCS group versus CTR (), while EHS patients showed only a trend towards increased activity ( versus MCS) (Figure 5(c)). Finally, Figure 5(d) shows how catalase activity rate in RBC was found decreased in both EHS and MCS patients as compared to healthy CTR, though reaching a clear-cut and elevated statistical significance only in the MCS group (), as previously already reported [23].

Figure 6 describes the alteration of the blood levels of four redox-active low-molecular weight parameters investigated as suitable biomarkers of EHS condition, in comparison to the uncomplicated MCS and the healthy control study cohorts. The levels of both reduced (GSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione forms (data shown in the figure only for GSH (Figure 6(a))) were strongly decreased in the RBC of EHS and MCS environmentally sensitive groups as compared to CTR subjects (GSH: for both groups; GSSG: and , resp., for EHS and MCS), although decrease scores for both glutathione forms were inferior in the EHS than in the MCS subgroup (GSH: ; GSSG: in EHS versus MCS). Also the ratio of GSSG/GSH (Figure 6(b)), indicating the relative oxidation grade of the erythrocyte glutathione marker, displayed a trend to elevation in the two patient subgroups versus control, although data were too scattered to reach any statistical value.

The plasmatic levels of coenzyme Q10 and alpha-tocopherol displayed a similar trend-to-depletion in both patient subgroups versus controls. Figure 6(c) reports results of ubiquinol (CoQ10H2, the reduced form of coenzyme Q10) analysis which, together with levels of total CoQ10 (reduced + oxidized forms) and of alpha-tocopherol (both groups of data not shown)—showed similar trend of reduction for EHS as well as MCS subgroups, as compared to CTR group, though lacking statistical significance. Indeed, we found a higher percent coenzyme Q10 oxidation (ratio oxidized-CoQ10/total-CoQ10), significant versus CTR at in EHS patients, not confirmed for MCS patients, as reported in Figure 6(d).

Although a trend-to-increase in the values of whole blood chemiluminescence (CL) and to decreased levels of plasmatic total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were recorded for both patient subgroups compared to controls, differences were unable to reach any statistical significance (data not shown). The increase of/plasma levels of MCS patients obtained in our previous study [23] was not confirmed in this new MCS subgroup, as well as in the EHS group of the present study, respectively, averaging or being inferior to control values (data not shown).

Since the majority of the above metabolic data were similar for EHS and MCS subgroups, the costly and time-consuming analyses of fatty acid profiles were carried out on a more limited subgroup of patients who fully corresponded to all diagnostic criteria. Representative fatty acid profiles in the phosholipid fraction of the erythrocyte membranes of EHS (), MCS () and CTR () patients are shown in Figures 7 and 8. The comparative analysis of the fatty acid (FA) profiles in the erythrocyte membranes of the 3 studied groups showed elevated levels of the saturated and monounsaturated fatty acid fraction (SFA) for both environmental-sensitive patients (Figure 7(a)) and correspondingly depleted levels of the polyunsaturated fatty acid fraction (PUFA) (Figure 7(b)), with both parameters statistically significant at for MCS patients versus controls, whilst the EHS group differed sensibly from MCS in displaying only a mild trend-to-alteration of fatty acid patterns versus control group. In detail, the percent levels of the omega-6 FA linoleic (18:2?6), alpha linolenic (18:3?6), arachidonic (C20:4?6), and the omega-3 FA docosahexaenoic (C22:6?3) (Figures 8(a)–8(d)) were lower than control values in both EHS and MCS cohorts, although the clear-cut statistical significance registered for the MCS group (–0.001 for all 4 parameters) was confirmed in EHS patients only for linoleic acid fraction () (Figure 8(a)). Finally, the range of the ?6/?3 PUFA ratio in electrosensitive subjects practically equalled that of controls, whilst MCS patients showed significantly increased values versus both CTR () and EHS group (), as reported in Figure 7(c).

3.3. Genetic Parameters

The main results of genotype analysis for a selected panel of detoxifying enzymes, obtained on limited subgroups of EHS, MCS, and controls, are illustrated in Table 1. Having previously demonstrated in the MCS population a significantly higher-versus-CTR frequency of the homozygous mutated *1 allele and a CYP2C19*2 heterozygous genotype *1/*2, with a lower frequency of the *2 allele in the homozygous and heterozygous forms [24], we here confronted the panel of previously investigated CYP isozymes in the EHS versus the already studied MCS cohort previously studied. Genotype frequencies for cytochrome P450 CYP2C19 SNP variants in EHS and MCS patients’ groups showed that the CYP2C19*1/*1 and the CYP2C19*1/*2, *2/*2 genotypes differed with statistical significance at between EHS () and MCS () groups. The other gene polymorphisms of CYPs studied (CYP2C9 and CYP2D6), as well as the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) variant Arg554Lys, displayed similar frequency distributions for EHS and MCS patients (data not shown).

Table 1: Statistical analysis of genotype distribution of cytochrome P450 (CYP) isoenzymes in EHS-patients self-reporting electromagnetic hypersensitivity () versus MCS-multiple chemical sensitivity patients without EHS () and of glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1), glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), and glutathione S-transferase T1 (GSTT1) isoenzymes in CTR-healthy control subjects () versus EHS-patients ().

Genotype frequencies of the glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes GSTP1, GSTM1, and GSTT1, previously found not significantly differing in MCS versus healthy control populations [23], were compared in 127 EHS patients versus 68 CTR subjects. No statistically significant differences were observed for GSTP1 in the frequency of the GSTP1*A, GSTP1*B, or GSTP1*C homozygous and heterozygous variants between the EHS patient and control groups (Table 1).

The statistical analysis of the distribution of GSTM1 and GSTT1 isoenzymes showed no statistical difference in homozygous + heterozygous and null genotype variants neither in GSTM1 nor in GSTT1, when analyzed independently. Conversely, the combined GSTM1 (*0/*0) + GSTT1 (*0/*0) null genotypes differed significantly (13% versus 1.5%, resp.), with , in EHS patients versus CTR subjects, conferring to this association of gene variants 9.7 times higher risk (OR: 95% C.I. = 1.3–74.5) of developing EHS compared to other GSTM1 and GSTT1 combinations of genotypes examined (Table 1).

4. Discussion

Till now, no causal relationship between electromagnetic fields exposure and onset of clinical symptoms has been clearly proven. Nevertheless, the term electric hypersensitivity is currently used both by patients who claim health effects of environmental electromagnetic pollution and doctors to define patient clusters of symptoms [40]. Most of the evidences about altered organic parameters due to EMF exposure have been so far obtained on cell or animal models. Very few human studies investigated possible organic parameters distinctive of the hypersensitivity to electromagnetic stressors ([41, 42]; for review, see [2]).

Main difficulties for clinical studies’ implementation arise from the necessity to deal with patients in a protected environment, sheltered from EMF sources and also free of chemical barriers, since the majority of electrosensitive patients are also intolerant to a multiple array of chemical triggers [43]. Indeed, in the group of 153 EHS subjects enrolled for this study, 145 were also affected at different degrees by MCS symptoms (Figure 3(b)). The experimental group of EHS patients was exposed by lifestyle to the most common electromagnetic sources deriving mainly from indoor or outdoor urban electromagnetic pollution and no heavy professional exposure in industrial settings was recorded in the group (Figure 2). In addition, EHS patients shared with MCS patients the sensitivity to the most frequent organic chemical triggers initiating and sustaining MCS.

Another relevant issue complicating human studies is connected with the difficulties encountered in provocation studies, aimed at connecting the electromagnetic trigger with electrohypersensitivity symptoms’ onset. These difficulties arise generally from the necessity to standardize types and dosages of EMF sources, from the broad qualitative and quantitative range of individual multiorgan responses to trigger, difficult to measure objectively, and also from heavy psychoemotional bias factors affecting experimental protocols and their repeatability [44, 45]. Notably, provocation studies commonly proposed as the main milestone for EHS assessment and validation are based on the questionable assumption that the individual capability to directly perceive EMFs at low or very low intensities below established toxicological thresholds, claimed by EHS subjects in analogy with MCS odor perception, may be conditio sine qua non for EHS symptom manifestation [40, 46]. Waiting for a consensus on a standardized methodology for an objective clinical assessment of electro-sensitivity, our present work referred to self-reported EHS as registered in the course of the anamnestic evaluation performed by trained medical personnel.

Data concerning the involvement of organic causes connected with chronic oxidative damage as a key factor in the induction and perpetuating of symptoms in functional SRI syndromes has been growing in the last decade (reviewed in: [22]). Our previous studies provided evidence of a specific and peculiar metabolic disease-marker profile in multiple chemical sensitivity, the prototype of all medically unexplained environmental illnesses so far described. In fact, moving from published data accounting for the altered redox balance in favor of a prooxidative and proinflammatory state in patients with fibromyalgia or chronic fatigue symptoms [7, 22], we identified a profile of 12 specifically altered blood parameters connected with systemic oxidative stress and impaired detoxification, in a representative sample of the Italian population fully or partially complying with MCS diagnosis [23]. In the same line, the present study was conceived to verify if analogous alterations of this pattern of MCS reliable organic biomarkers may also apply to EHS condition, in order to seek evidences of the organic etiology of this group of environmental sensitivity disorders and provide the clinicians with suitable tools for laboratory diagnosis and treatment follow-up.

The profiles of metabolic parameters’ alteration observed in EHS subjects were comparable to those of the “pure MCS” group, though generally less pronounced (Figures 5–8). Similarly to those MCS patients self-reportedly nonelectrosensitive, the EHS cohort showed a highly significant-versus-control decrease in the erythrocyte GST activity and an increase in GPX activity levels (Figure 5), coupled with a marked decrease of GSH levels (Figure 6). Again in line with MCS, EHS group showed a trend to the increase in erythrocyte CuZnSOD activity and to the depletion of the main lipophilic antioxidants in plasma-reduced coenzyme Q10 and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) (Figures 5 and 6). The most striking difference between the two patient subgroups was recorded, instead, for erythrocyte catalase. Enzymatic activity was in fact only slightly and not significantly, reduced in EHS as compared to control values, while the highly significant () reduction recorded in the MCS group (Figure 5) confirmed our previous reports, validating the relevance and selectivity of this blood metabolic marker specifically for the MCS condition [23], being previously confirmed also in those patients only partially complying with MCS criteria (suspected MCS group).

We also calculated the ratios between oxidized and reduced forms of glutathione and coenzyme Q10 as suitable indicators of a systemic oxidative and proinflammatory status [47]. Relative oxidation of the two redox molecules was increased, though not significantly, in both EHS and MCS groups versus CTR (Figure 6). Interestingly, only in electrosensitive subjects, the oxidized/total CoQ10 ratio reached statistical significance () versus normal values. Due to its marked lipophilicity, coenzyme Q10 is essential, along with alpha-tocopherol and squalene, for skin protection against oxidizing environmental physicochemical stressors, and it is able to efficiently reach the skin from the blood compartment [48, 49]. The elevated oxidation of plasma coenzyme Q10 observed in EHS appears to be consistent with the higher frequency of cutaneous involvement in EHS (40.7%) symptoms self-reported by our experimental group (Figure 3(a)), as compared to the minor relative clinical relevance assessed in the classical MCS condition, previously described [23]. Accordingly, Figure 4 shows how the prevalent skin symptom, in the EHS but not in the MCS cohort, resulted in being acute or chronic dermatitis (eczema), a group of inflammatory skin diseases where systemic and local lipophilic antioxidant depletion is strongly implicated [48].

A second parameter proved to be significantly different () between EHS and MCS groups that is the ratio omega-6/omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the erythrocyte membrane phospholipid fraction (Figure 7(c)). The ratio showed a remarkable elevation versus CTR in favor of the more proinflammatory ?6 PUFA in the MCS group (), while EHS values were instead nearly overlapping CTR values, data that appears consistent with the overall less pronounced prooxidative and proinflammatory state evidenced in EHS versus MCS, from the whole pattern of redox parameters investigated in this study. Again, this molecular marker difference between the two environmental hypersensitivities can possibly be connected with the clinical setting, where, for example, a higher frequency of pathological obesity with metabolic syndrome is observed in MCS [50], whereas EHS condition features a milder chronic inflammatory status [51].

As a whole, MCS values of all metabolic parameters studied confirmed our previous results obtained in a larger cohort of 226 MCS + sMCS patients [23], highlighting the reliability of the selected redox-marker panel on this additional study cohort. With two exceptions, (a) erythrocyte CuZnSOD activity, now found significantly increased () in MCS versus CTR (Figure 5(c)) whilst nonsignificant in the first study, and (b) plasma nitrites/nitrates values, significantly elevated in the previous study MCS cohort [23], a finding not confirmed in the present study (data not shown). These differences may possibly be related to the extreme individual genetic and metabolic variability characterizing MCS populations, even within the same ethnic, geographic, lifestyle, and cultural setting, which represented one of the difficulties facing SRI human studies [52].

The question as to whether genetic background may determine a proneness to environmental hypersensitive syndromes remains still unanswered, from the time of the first pioneer studies on multiple chemical sensitivity [53, 54], followed by a wealth of extensive investigations on MCS, FM, and CFS western populations worldwide [19, 23, 55]. We attempted to contribute to this unresolved issue of utmost relevance for diagnostic purposes in these poorly defined clinical settings. In previous works, we had investigated gene and allele frequencies of selected polymorphisms of a wide array of phase I and II xeno- and endobiotic metabolizing enzymes, GST (M1, T1 and P1), UDP-glucuronosyl transferase (UGT), and cytochrome P450 (CYP) variants belonging to the CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, and CYP3A5*3 isoenzymes. After a first study not showing any significant prevalence of the studied CYP, UGT, and GST gene polymorphisms in a group of 110 MCS patients [23], we proceeded to a second investigation on a clinically better characterized MCS group of 156 patients and of 113 matched controls, where we identified significantly (–0.0001) higher frequencies versus CTR for the polymorphisms CYP2C9*2, CYP2C9*3, CYP2C19*2, CYP2D6*4, and CYP2D6*41, confirming other studies indicating these genetic variants as a risk factor for SRI [24]. Starting from these results, in the present study, genotyping for the CYP2C19 single nucleotide variants showed that the frequency of the homozygous mutated *1 allele was significantly higher in EHS, than in MCS cases, whilst the *2 allele in the homozygous and heterozygous forms was less frequent in EHS than in MCS () (Table 1). Moreover, our previous work had shown that the CYP2C19*2 heterozygous genotype *1/*2 was significantly more frequent () in MCS cases, not only versus controls but also versus FM + CFS cases [24]. The same study showed for the first time that the Arg554Lys mutated variant of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor-AHR gene did not reach significant differences in distribution between SRIs and controls when analyzed alone but showed in specific haplotype combinations with CYP variants promising implications for in-between group discrimination within SRI comorbidities, namely, MCS versus sMCS and FC + FM versus controls [24]. In the present work, we were able to confirm the absence of significant differences for AHR genotype between EHS and CTR groups (data not shown).

Having previously found no significant difference between MCS patients and controls, in the distribution of GST isoenzyme genotypes [23], in the GST study we now compared EHS and healthy controls. Differently from our previous results on MCS, we here identified a mutated (null) allele combination of GSTT1 and GSTM1 variants able to predict risk of developing EHS by a 9.7 fold versus CTR (Table 1).

Taken together, our genetic results obtained on a number of cases due to be enlarged in the studies to come, although being far to be conclusive on such a controversial matter, can at least contribute additional indications to the complex mosaic of genetic risk factors in environmental hypersensitivities, still waiting to be correlated with individual metabolic phenotypes.

The outcomes of this work confirmed, in the whole, our previous results on MCS and provided additional evidences for the validity of the selected panel of metabolic blood parameters also in the self-reported EHS condition. Further developments must necessarily include a more objective and standardized classification of individual electromagnetic sensitivity scores, to conclusively assess the proposed parameters as a distinctive and specific panel of disease biomarkers for EHS. Our findings will hopefully contribute, in combination with the so-far putative genetic-risk factors, a better molecular definition of environmental-borne sensitivity-related illnesses and a tool to discriminate single SRI comorbidities, based on sufficiently proven molecular evidences able to gain clinical consensus.
Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the generous participations of Dr. M. Grazia Bruccheri, MD, from IRMA-Istituto Ricerca Medica e Ambientale, Acireale (CT), Italy, for patient diagnosis and enrolment in Sicily, Francesca Romana Orlando, from the Patient Association A.M.I.C.A.—Associazione per le Malattie da Intossicazione Cronica e/o Ambientale, Rome, Italy, for excellent documental support, and Andrea Stancato, from IDI IRCCS for skilled technical assistance.

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WIFI

 

Universiteit Wageningen 19 nov. 2010 (Persbericht)

Laboratoriumonderzoek naar negatieve invloed op gezondheid van planten.

Uit een eerste laboratoriumonderzoek naar de effecten van elektromagnetische straling op de groei van planten, komt naar voren dat de straling mogelijk een negatieve invloed heeft op de gezondheid van planten. Het onderzoek is gedaan door Wageningen University, onderdeel van Wageningen UR. Essen, bomen die in de stedelijke omgeving in toenemende mate last hebben van groeiverstoringen, bleken in een kweekcel met zgn. wifi access points verkleuringen en afsterving van bladeren te vertonen. Hoewel de effecten bij meerdere stralingsbronnen en meerdere bomen gevonden werden, vinden de onderzoekers het wenselijk om de proef te herhalen en bij voorkeur gedurende een langere periode en op grotere schaal.

In andere berichten is ten onrechte gemeld dat TU Delft en TNO bij dit onderzoek betrokken zijn.

Schema straling

Bomen in stedelijke omgeving vertonen de laatste jaren een toenemend aantal aantastingen zoals scheuren, knobbels, verkleuringen en diverse vormen van afsterving van weefsel. In het verleden is onderzocht of deze verschijnselen veroorzaakt worden door biologische factoren, zoals ziekten en plagen. Tot op heden heeft dat onderzoek geen duidelijke oorzaak aangewezen.

Wageningen University onderzocht in opdracht van de gemeente Alphen a/d Rijn in hoeverre het toenemend aantal bronnen van elektromagnetische straling, zoals zendmasten, een rol zou kunnen spelen bij de verslechterde gezondheid van de bomen. Daarbij werd in een kweekcel het effect van de straling van zogenaamde wifi accesspoints op kleine Esboompjes onderzocht.
De essen werden gedurende ruim drie maanden blootgesteld aan zes stralingsbronnen met frequenties variërend van 2412 tot 2472 MHz en een vermogen van 100 mW EIRP.
Bladeren op een afstand van ongeveer 50 cm van de stralingsbronnen vertoonden na een paar maanden een metaalglansuiterlijk, een verkleuring van de bladeren die het gevolg bleek te zijn van het afsterven van de buitenste cellaag van de bladeren. De metaalglans werd opgevolgd door verdroging en afsterven van een deel van het blad.

Een verband tussen de onderzochte wifi straling en het brede scala aan ziekteverschijnselen bij volwassen bomen kan uitdrukkelijk niet worden gelegd op basis van het huidige onderzoek.

Voor het originele bericht zie:
www.wageningenuniversity.nl/NL/nieuwsage­nda/
nieuws/Bomen101120.htmv

 

 

 

Cell phones are linked to cancer, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, study claims

Radiation from wireless devices such as cell phones and tablets are being linked to cancer, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, headaches and skin irritation, according to a new Meta study. Scientists claim radiation initiates a damaging process in the body thought to be closely linked to degenerative diseases called oxidative stress.

This new study, published in the journal Electromagnetic Biology and Medicine, from The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, is a review of experimental data on the effects of radiofrequency radiation in living cells. Researchers looked at how cell phones may damage a person’s DNA.
Wireless technology increases your risk of cancer

Cell phone

The studies lead author, Dr. Igor Yakymenko, claims oxidative stress due to radiofrequency radiation exposure could explain the link between wireless devices and cancer. He believes that, in the long-term, these exposures are also linked to other disorders such as headache, fatigue, and skin irritation, Yakymenko says.

Dr. Yakymenko’s argument is based around chemically reactive molecules containing oxygen, known as reactive oxygen species. These molecules play an important role in cell signaling and the control of internal conditions such as temperature. When reactive oxygen species levels increase dramatically, this can cause significant damage to cell structures, known as oxidative stress. Reactive oxygen species are generally produced in cells due to aggressive environments.

The study found that they can also be provoked by wireless radiation commonly found in homes, schools and offices. ‘These data are a clear sign of the real risks this kind of radiation poses for human health,’ Dr. Yakymenko said.
The link between wireless technology and premature aging

One way that our cells can become damaged is this imbalance known as oxidative stress. This stress happens when the production of free radicals, unstable molecules that carry a loosely bound extra electron, is higher-than-normal. When the free radical encounters another molecule, the extra electron is passed along in a rapid chain reaction from molecule to molecule.

The danger is that when it reaches the end of the chain it breaks apart connections between atoms within important components of the cell, like the cell membrane, essential proteins and DNA. Preventing or repairing cell damage from oxidative stress is known to help against premature aging.
Warning: 20 minutes of cell phone radiation a day increases the risk of brain tumor by threefold

Dr. Yakymenko has found that using your cell phone for just 20 minutes a day for five years increases the risk of one type of brain tumor threefold. He also found that using your cell phone an hour a day for four years increases the risk of some tumors three to five times.

“(Our) data were obtained on adults who used cell phones mostly up to 10 years as adults. The situation can dramatically differ for children who use cells phone in childhood, when their biology much more sensitive to hazardous factors, and will use it over the life,’ said Dr. Yakymenko.
Wireless exposures linked to a myriad of adverse health effects and diseases

There are now a plethora of studies linking wireless exposures to a myriad of diseases and illnesses:

Significantly increased risk of glioma
Cellular damage
Tumor risk on cell phone side of head
Increased risk for acoustic neuroma
Temporal lobe risk
Meningioma
Cancer of the pituitary gland
Thyroid cancer
Melanoma risk
Stem cell cancer
Parotid malignant tumors
Multifocal breast cancer
Eye cancer

The risk of cancers of the brain from wireless exposures is widely perceived as being low. This new study indicates care is still needed because some adverse health effects only appear decades later.

Yakymenko and his colleagues call for a precautionary approach with wireless technologies, favoring using cell phones less and using hands-free modes to keep the radiation away from the body.
How to measure wireless radiation in your home

The risks of wireless exposures are greatly underestimated because this type of radiation is invisible. Yet these exposures are easily measured and understood with an EMF meter. To measure the exposures from cell phones or wireless is easy and inexpensive to do by using a type of EMF meter called a radio frequency meter.

A radio frequency (RF) meter measures radiation in the gigahertz frequency band. It’s specifically designed to measure ambient radiation exposures from devices such as WiFi, cell towers and cell phones.

You can obtain readings in minutes by walking slowly through your home, office or school environment with an RF meter. Once you have obtained readings you then compare them with safety guidelines and take corrective action as necessary. For more information on measuring RF radiation in your home click here.
What are safe levels of radiation?

There is much controversy about what constitutes a safe level of radiation. Cell phones, WiFi and similar devices emit what is called non-ionizing radiation.

In 2011, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified this non-ionizing radiation for the first time in their ‘gold-standard’ rating system. Despite all the evidence the official stance is that this radiofrequency (RFR)/microwave non-ionizing radiation only has a ‘possible carcinogenic effect’.

Official safety guidelines only protect us from the thermal effect. That’s to say they only protect us literally from a heating effect from these devices. Yet thousands of studies point to adverse health effects at levels well blow those required to heat skin tissue.

The best resource to understand safe exposure levels is the ‘BioInitiative Report.’ This is a comprehensive review of thousands of studies compiled by an independent team of researchers, which gives clear guidelines on precautionary levels of radio frequency radiation.

http://www.naturalhealth365.com/wireless-technology-
oxidative-stress-radiation-1519.html

 

Children should not be allowed smartphones until they are 16, says school behaviour expert

The Government is to commission a review into the way technology affects behaviour in schools, amid fears over smartphone use in classrooms
Jonathan Owen

Fears over the disruption to classrooms from pupils using smartphones have prompted the Government to commission a review into the way technology affects behaviour in schools.

Children should not be allowed smartphones until they are 16, according to Tom Bennett, the school behaviour expert leading the review. And teachers should not allow them unless absolutely necessary, says Mr Bennett, who is already leading another review into how teachers are trained to tackle bad behaviour.

He has now been asked to look at the wider challenges of managing modern classrooms. Although technology can enhance learning, teachers have reported that the growing number of children bringing digital devices into class is leading to disruption, officials warn.

“We need to make sure the advice we give to schools, and the approaches being used are fit for the 21st century when even primary school pupils may be bringing in phones or tablets. That is why we have taken the decision to expand Tom Bennett’s review to look at how teachers can tackle bad behaviour,” said Nick Gibb, the schools minister. “Whether it is the use of mobile phones or the attitudes of parents to their child’s behaviour in class, we will now probe deeper into behaviour to ensure that no child has to put up with having their education disrupted by misbehaviour.”

Tom Bennett wants advice to schools to be ‘fit for the 21st century’ Tom Bennett wants advice to schools to be ‘fit for the 21st century’ (Alamy)

Most schools have some sort of policy regarding smartphone use, amid concerns over cyberbullying and online pornography. However, the picture is far from uniform – ranging from zero-tolerance to partial bans.

“I think smartphones in a classroom represent an enormous level of temptation for students, but that isn’t to say that I would ban them,” said Mr Bennett. “My personal recommendation is that schools think very cautiously and carefully before allowing them. I think the default should be that they are not allowed unless teachers invite them for some specific reason.”

Children are getting access to the technology too young, he said. “People ask me, ‘When should I give my child a smartphone?’ and I say, ‘Whenever you’re comfortable with them viewing pornography’, because their curiosity will take them there.

“My personal belief is that I don’t think a child should have a smartphone until they are 16, unless it is under adult supervision.”

Phone use was a child protection issue, he said. “Most parents would supervise in some way internet access for children, and I think it would be an absurd proposition to say that schools shouldn’t do that because we are looking after their safety. I don’t want children in playgrounds swapping pornographic pictures or pictures of horrific scenes or racist websites or whatever. I want to know roughly what they are looking at, and that includes in school.”

Responding to the review into smartphones, Christine Blower, general secretary of the National Union of Teachers, said: “It is important to remember that technology, including the use of smartphones, can be part of successful teaching and learning strategies.”

Brian Lightman, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said: “We do not believe it is the role of government or Ofsted to micromanage how schools address these issues which are the remit of school leaders.

“Smartphones are powerful technologies which most people use in their working lives therefore schools must teach young people to use them responsibly. How they do that is a professional judgement.”

Mr Bennett said behaviour standards generally in schools were patchy. “The reason is there isn’t a formal process for leaders to be trained into creating and maintaining good behaviour systems.”

Smartphone

 

The number one reason blamed for childhood deaths in America used to be accidents; now it’s cancer

ABC News is reporting today that cancer has officially outranked every other cause of childhood death in this country:

Cancer1

Cancer is the leading cause of childhood death in the United States, with 13,500 new diagnoses each year according to the American Cancer Institute.

One out of every 300 boys and one out of every 333 girls will develop cancer before their 20th birthday, according to the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Cancer in America has seen a sharp increase over the last 100 years across all age groups.

Data from the U.S. Public Health Service estimates that cancer death rates in 1900 were around 64 per 100,000. That number has increased almost threefold to 188.7 per 100,000 in 2005.

In fact, the chances of an American being diagnosed with some type of cancer in his or her lifetime is now one in two.

This dramatic increase over a relatively short span of time obviously suggests environmental factors are at play here. So why haven’t all these charitable “run for the cure” cancer drives - fundraisers that happen year after year after year as cancer rates only continue to grow - ever cured anything?

The Cancer Prevention Coalition (CPC) notes that cancer equals big business in this country:

Cancer2

Winning the war on cancer means preventing cancer. Yet cancer is a multi-billion dollar business. Isn’t preventing cancer bad for business? It is for the pharmaceutical and mammography businesses.

These industries have intricate ties to U. S. policy makers, directing research funds to ensure their continued profits in cancer diagnosis/treatment.

If prevention is key to crushing cancer, then finding out what is actually causing this cancer epidemic from independent studies not funded by the very companies that stand to profit off pointing fingers in the wrong direction is the first step.

What is causing all this cancer, especially the rise in children? Two big factors may be chemicals and electromagnetic radiation.

A whopping 70-90% of any average U.S. grocery store is filled with processed foods full of chemical additives and preservatives, many of which are genetically modified, in addition to the fact that a vast majority of U.S. food is tainted with pesticides.

The CPC discusses multiple studies that have come to the same conclusion: continual exposure to the multitude of carcinogenic pesticides in this country’s food supply is killing our kids:

As documented by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), residues of numerous carcinogenic pesticides are commonly found in most fruits and vegetables. Additionally, milk and other dairy products are often laden with carcinogenic pesticides and antibiotics.

Factory farm meat, particularly liver, veal, frankfurters and hamburgers, are also contaminated with carcinogenic pesticides, besides growth-stimulating sex hormones and other feed additives.

The Bush [Sr.] Administration has flung open the floodgates to carcinogens in our food. With active support of the Secretary of Health and Human Services, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has in effect revoked the 1958 Delaney law, which banned intentional contamination of food with any level of carcinogen.

Instead, the EPA now allows residues of any carcinogenic pesticide in any food at levels posing allegedly “acceptable” or “negligible risk,” as determined by manipulated numbers.

Should pesticide in our food really ever be considered “acceptable”?

Michael Taylor, former Monsanto Vice President for Public Policy and our current Food Safety Czar in this Twilight Zone we all live in, wrote “The De Minimis Interpretation of the Delaney Clause - Legal and Policy Rationale” advocating a change in the interpretation of the 1958 Delaney Clause back in 1988.

On it’s face, Delaney literally stated that no carcinogenic agents could be added to processed foods. Taylor’s interpretation paved the way to altering Delaney to be interpreted so that small amounts of known carcinogens could be added to our food, all without regard to the cumulative negative health effects.

Taylor wrote this, by the way, while working at a law firm contracted by Monsanto.

Another potential factor is the continual bathing of our growing children’s brains and bodies in electromagnetic radiation (EMR). Estimates show that those of us living in modern-day America are experiencing 100,000,000 times more electromagnetic frequency (EMF) than our grandparents did simply by existing.

Incidents of brain tumors have also been found to be higher in Western, developed nations.

Everything from cell phones to cell towers going up everywhere to household appliances to computers… even cars emit EMF. Many of these technologies were never tested for potential harmful effects.

Research has found EMF does have an adverse effect on tissues and cells, and this non-ionizing radiation has been classified as a carcinogen or potential carcinogen.

The top two childhood cancers are,

leukemia
cancers of the brain and nervous system

Studies have linked both EMF exposure and childhood leukemia (for a few examples, see here, here, here and here), and EMF exposure to childhood brain tumors (see here, here and here).

Belgium just banned cell phones specifically designed for children up to age 7 based on this risk.

Armed with this information, recommendations have been suggested for limiting a child’s exposure to pressing cell phones up to their skulls via hands-free devices or even using speakerphone options. WI-FI exposure in the house can be limited by opting to hard wire computers to modems and unplugging computers and modems at night or when not in use.

In a pediatric nursing article “Cell Phones and Children - Follow the Precautionary Road” Suzanne Rosenberg wrote,

“While the government has deemed RF radiation to be safe, there is no current significant research to make this claim.”

Just like the abundance of chemicals in our food, there is a vested interest in keeping a lid on information regarding just how dangerous this continual radiation exposure could be.

Cancer rates have risen to epidemic levels if estimates now show one in two adults will get cancer sometime in their lifetime. With childhood cancer as the number one child killer, what kind of cancer odds will our children face in their future?

Forget racing for the cure; we have to start focusing on the cause.

 

KEEP FAR AWAY FROM TABLETS AND I-PADS

Ipad

Here’s Why Steve Jobs Didn’t Let His Kids Use iPads and Why You Shouldn’t Either

If you fall within the Gen-Y era like us, chances are you’ve given a bunch of thought as to how you would raise your own children in this day and age (assuming you don’t have children already). Especially with technology, so much has changed since our childhoods in the 90s. Here’s one question: Would you introduce the technological wonder/heroin that is the iPod and iPad to your kids?

Steve Jobs wouldn’t, and for good reason too.

In a Sunday article, New York Times reporter Nick Bilton said he once assumingly asked Jobs, “So your kids must love the iPad?”

Jobs responded:

“They haven’t used it. We limit how much technology our kids use at home.”

Especially in Silicon Valley, there is actually a trend of tech execs and engineers who shield their kids from technology. They even send their kids to non-tech schools like the Waldorf School in Los Altos, where computers aren’t found anywhere because they only focus on hands-on learning.

There is a quote that was highlighted in The Times by Chris Anderson, CEO of 3D Robotics and a father of five. He explains what drives those who work in tech to keep it from their kids.

“My kids accuse me and my wife of being fascists and overly concerned about tech, and they say that none of their friends have the same rules… That’s because we have seen the dangers of technology firsthand. I’ve seen it in myself, I don’t want to see that happen to my kids.”

If our current addictions to our iPhones and other tech is any indication, we may be setting up our children for incomplete, handicapped lives devoid of imagination, creativity and wonder when we hook them onto technology at an early age. We were the last generation to play outside precisely because we didn’t have smartphones and laptops. We learned from movement, hands-on interaction, and we absorbed information through books and socialization with other humans as opposed to a Google search.

Learning in different ways has helped us become more well-rounded individuals — so, should we be more worried that we are robbing our children of the ability to Snapchat and play “Candy Crush” all day if we don’t hand them a smartphone, or should we more worried that we would be robbing them of a healthier, less dependent development if we do hand them a smartphone? I think Steve Jobs had it right in regard to his kids.

So the next time you think about how you will raise your kids, you may want to (highly) consider not giving them whatever fancy tech we’ll have while they are growing up. Play outside with them and surround them with nature; they might hate you, but they will absolutely thank you for it later, because I’m willing to bet that’s exactly how many of us feel about it now that we are older.

Steve Jobs

 

Cellphone radiation CAN cause CANCER

The scientists were right — your cell phone can give you cancer.

There have long been whispers of a cancer connection from your cell — and a new study backs up the claims.

"These data are a clear sign of the real risks this kind of radiation poses for human health," study author Igor Yakymenko said.

Yakymenko’s meta-study — basically a study of hundreds of other studies — reveals many findings of previous researchers into how radiofrequency from your phone can damage DNA.

That damage can add up over time and cause a variety of health problems, like cancer, headaches, fatigue and even skin problems.

For example, using your phone for just 20 minutes a day for five years increased the risk of one type of brain tumor threefold, and using the phone an hour a day for four years upped the risk of some tumors three to five times, Yakymenko said.

But even though the risk of brain and related cancers is low — in 2012, there were 6.4 cases per 100,000 U.S. adults — Yakymenko says we should be on alert because ailments can take up to 30 years to develop.

“(Our) data were obtained on adults who used cell phones mostly up to 10 years as adults,” he said. “The situation can dramatically differ for children who use cells phone in childhood, when their biology much more sensitive to hazardous factors, and will use it over the life.”

To minimize your risk, use your phone less and go hands-free to keep the frequency away from your head, Yakymenko said.

Ceelphone

 

The Electromagnetic War On Humanity

It gets worse by the hour.

While France wisely outlawed wi-fi in its schools due to its serious effects on children, more appliances, transmitters, signals, antennas, phone masts, dishes, and electronic gadgetry is being added by the minute.

And we’re supposed to be excited about it.

Just look at the below insane ad intended to sex-up the electromagnetic crap blasting our biosignals to smithereens.

Looks like V-rizin’ wants to “Rule the Air!” with their death-dealing microwaves.

The Orwellian voice-over?

Electromagnetic

The Sinister Assumptive Message

“Oh how we love getting blasted with our phone signals!! You rock, Verizon!..bring on the microwaves, robo-automation and anything else! We are techno-crazy and love it so!”

Wrong, you bastards. Don’t tell us what we want, Big Corp, we’re sick of it! And for those falling for this…wake the hell up!

Your playing with our health, well being and environment is about to come to an end.

“Signal – Airborne, beautiful and strong. There to insure the most powerful transmitter is YOU!”

Diabolical Microwaves

The effects of these cell towers and other microwave technologies bear witness to their perfidy. While they make light of these death-dealing devices and pretend they’re innocuous, the unwitting sheeple wither and die from mutated brain cells, injured immune and nervous systems, organ damage, and our children are predicted to have genetically altered offspring within 2 generations!

Never mind seriously influencing our minds.

We Live in ‘Electromagnetic Soup’

The “electrosmog” that first began developing with the rollout of the electrical grid a century ago and now envelops every inhabitant of Earth is responsible for many of the diseases that impair or kill them.

In 2007, the Bioinitiative Working Group released a 650-page report citing more than 2,000 studies (many very recent) that detail the toxic effects of EMFs from all sources. Chronic exposure to even low-level radiation (like that from cell phones), can cause a variety of cancers, impair immunity, and contribute to Alzheimer’s disease and dementia, heart disease, and many other ailments.

“For the first time in our evolutionary history, we have generated an entire secondary, virtual, densely complex environment — an electromagnetic soup — that essentially overlaps the human nervous system,” says Michael Persinger, PhD, a neuroscientist at Laurentian University who has studied the effects of EMFs on cancer cells.

And it appears that, more than a century after Thomas Edison switched on his first light bulb, the healthconsequences of that continual overlap are just now beginning to be documented.

They Didn’t Have to Use These Damaging Frequencies–They CHOSE To!

Retired British military intelligence scientist Barrie Trower who for years worked in microwave and stealth warfare, has been speaking out and supplying scientific documentation regarding the serious dangers of EMFs, and getting results.

He said,

“During the 1950s and 1960s during the Cold War, it was realised by accident that microwaves could be used as stealth weapons when the Russians beamed the American embassy during the Cold War and it gave everybody working in the embassy cancer, breast cancers, leukemias whatever, and it was realised then that low level microwaves were the perfect stealth weapon to be used on dissident groups around the world, because you could make dissident groups sick, give them cancer, change their mental outlook on life without them even knowing they were being radiated.

The electromagnetic spectrum is a band that goes from gamma rays and x-rays at one end, the very high energy waves, and it comes down through visible light, which is also some radiation, and then it goes through infrared microwaves, tv and radio. Now the only ones which really affect us in the communications industry are the microwaves, and microwaves have a special ability to interfere with water, which is how microwave ovens work, and we are made of water.

All of our chemical and electrical signals involve water in the body, somehow, electrical communications in the body. So, the industry has picked the worst possible part of the electromagnetic spectrum to give to young children and to adults (with regards to cell phones).”

The Frightening Effects of WiFi and Cell Phone Radiation on Young Girls

Trower: I have three research papers. I am a scientific adviser to five organisations. Part of my brief is I read international scientific papers, I retranslate them into a language that most people can understand, which is how I advise.

I have three papers showing that low level microwaves can interfere with the genetics in the ovarian follicles. Now what that means in everyday language, different from boys, young girls when they’re born, they will have up to four hundred eggs in their ovaries. The microwaves can damage the genetic structure, we now know, in those ovaries. So, when this young girl grows up, gets married, and has children, if she has a daughter, this particular mitochondrial genetic damage is irreparable. There is nothing at all that can repair it.

Barrie Trower Speaks about Microwave Radiation

On August 24, 2010, Mr. Barrie Trower, a British physicist who was a microwave weapons expert and who worked for the Royal Navy and the British Secret Service, gave a talk at the University of Toronto about the health effects of WiFi and other forms of microwave radiation.

Mr. Trower came out of retirement because he was concerned that the microwave frequencies and intensities to which children are exposed in schools are similar to those used for microwave weapons. He provided Dr. Havas with a copy of a talk he gave to the King of Botswana earlier this year (April 2010) and that document can be viewed here.

Link to article in Toronto Star August 26, 2010: ”U.K. Expert Warns against Wi-Fi.”

Here is a PDF of his credentials and a presentation to the Welsh Parliament.
http://media.withtank.com/2b362a24d6.pdf

For a genuine visit with Mr. Trower and to hear his full views, this is for you:

These Same Wicked PTBs Electrify Our Atmosphere – And Put Towers Near Schools, Hospitals and Population Centers

If you’ve driven around under our metalisized skies, noticing these proliferating phone towers or masts, you’ll notice how many have been diabolically placed near or directly on schools, institutions, medical facilities, strip malls, businesses and housing areas. You can be sure the ‘Phone Company’ is well aware of what they’re doing and the dangerous effects–they just lie to the underlings.

That’s why things like THIS happen when the informed take drastic action to draw attention to this horrific reality.

We’re dealing with intentional harm to our young people and overall population by the same corporate devils who genetically modify our crops, poison our air and water, and add carcinogenic genetically altering additives to our food.

Are All These Towers Just For Cell Phones…or Mind and Thought Manipulation?

The use of EMFs (electromagnetic frequencies) is one of our elite controllers most effective stealth technologies. Besides breaking down human health, the human brain is known to operate at a certain frequency, and is easily accessed and manipulated within that range using the ‘right’ technology. You can be sure the Powers That Be are using these for other purposes as well.

The day is now approaching in which government mind control technologies will be directed at you, your neighbors, and your loved ones. Every single day, equipment is being erected and installed in this country with the hidden purpose of exerting mind control over the entire population. Everywhere in this country (and overseas), ELF/microwave transmission towers are being erected. No one is saying anything, but you’re expected to presume that they’re for cell phones. (Do you really think that we need that much ‘cell phone’ transmission capability, every few blocks? Do you realize how very little energy is used by genuine cell phone usage? Yet these towers are capable of putting out levels of power that exceed cell phone requirements by a wide margin.

These mind control technologies have been in place for a long time. It’s not an accident that the frequency band chosen for cell phone use just happens to match the second order waves that Wilhelm Reich discovered in the late1940's to effect thought transmission and allow the mind to be manipulated without the victim realizing it. Reich worked on this project secretly for the CIA for over 5 years, from 1947-1952, until he realized who the CIA was planning to use the mind control on -the American people. He was outraged that he was deceived and used for such a treasonous motive and swore never to cooperate with the CIA, FDA, etc. again. Reich was covertly murdered in Federal prison in 1957, just a few weeks before he was due to be released, having been in prison for 2 years on a trumped up charge leading to a contempt of court citation.

A method was discovered to disable these ELF towers from exerting their mind control functions by placing a simple device known as an orgone generator within a radius of 1,300 feet of these towers. These microwave towers are used in conjunction with HAARP based technology to not only affect subliminal mind control influences, but also to control the weather, the creation ofartificially induced drought conditions are also greatly influenced by the population-reduction chemtrail spraying operations which take place daily over the skies in America and in many other countries) .

Can We Stop Cell Phone Tower Construction?

Unfortunately, there is not much one can do to stop the proliferation and continued build out of cell phone towers and structures. Although thought to be legislation about deregulation issues, the Telecommunications Act of 1996 (TCA) was really an open invitation for the cell phone industry to place their towers anywhere they wanted. Section 704 of the TCA basically states that local authorities can’t ban the placement of towers in their jurisdictions. The law says: “No State or local government or instrumentality thereof may regulate the placement, construction, and modification of personal wireless service facilities on the basis of the environmental effects of radio frequency emissions to the extent that such facilities comply with the Commission’s regulations concerning such emissions.” So legally the local government can’t refuse the construction of a cell phone tower in your neighborhood! Any challenge by local communities could easily end up in federal court. Our lawmakers have basically given the cell phone industry free reign to install these towers wherever they want. And, by the way, the cell phone industry helped write this legislation that our government officials passed as law! The public, therefore, now has no voice and no vote. Is there something wrong with this picture? Why didn’t our public officials represent the people instead of big business? Why would you let the very industry you’re trying to regulate write it’s own laws?


How Many Cell Phone Towers Are Near You?

The average person lives within one-half mile of a cell phone tower. Have you ever wondered how close you live or work to one of these towers? Would it bother you if one were right in your backyard? How many of these towers and antennas do you think there are in your immediate area? Find out by visiting the website www.antennasearch.com/. Simply type in your address and you’ll get a listing and a map of all the towers and antennas within a short radius of your address. Like most people you’ll probably gasp when you see the numbers. These towers are literally everywhere. Hundreds and hundreds of them are probably located within a few miles of your home or office.

What Can We Do?

Obviously, we can’t escape the exposure. We’ve established that fact. So what can we do to minimize the damage?

Here are few ideas: We need to limit our exposure any way possible. Don’t live near a cell phone tower if you have a choice. Don’t buy a home near one even if the price is right. Limit your use of wireless devices. Go back to ‘wired’ connections whenever possible. Maximize your health through proper nutrition and good hydration. Eat foods high in antioxidants and take supplements. Eat organically as much as possible. There is no safe distance to locate away from a mast tower. Obviously, the closer to the tower the greater the exposure risk so do locate as far away as possible. Whenever possible encourage your local government officials to consider transitioning to the use of fiber optic cable. Most of it has already been laid underground. It’s just not being used. There are no masts with fiber optics and the small amount of radiation at the exits can be neutralized with technology now available. Discourage the use of Wi-Fi in schools by meeting with your school officials and school boards. Wi-Fi hotspots are popping up everywhere now. Even whole cities are going wireless with the installation of Wi-Fi. Again, it’s all done through a wireless signal, which is damaging to your health. Don’t let cell phone companies install cell phone antennas on the roofs of schools where your children attend. The radio waves are disruptive to their ability to focus, not to mention the health hazards we’ve already outlined. If you can’t change your current situation there is some hope. There are some intervention devices now available that you can use in your home, school and office to help lessen the risk of exposure. Some very good cutting-edge technology has been developed that will intervene and help mitigate the damage being done by wireless connections.’

The Smart Meter Onslaught

This is the nastiest wave yet. They’re attacking residences with extremely powerful rapid intermittent blasts under the guise of checking your energy consumption.

Not the case. They’re not only monitoring your every activity, but you’re being bombarded with the most sinister waves yet.

A tremendously helpful site can be found HERE… at freedomtaker.com. Read it carefully and take advantage of its info. We’re being killed off if we let them, don’t be the next.

Protect Yourself and Your Family

If you look up EMF protection devices, you’ll find plenty.

One particular technology I find particularly intriguing is the Orgone Technology mentioned above. This is believed to work at the quantum level and to be able to convert the negative entropy of these destructive waves into a positive force. There is a growing army of enthusiasts who are experimenting with orgonite devices and getting amazing results.

Be sure to research it.

Knowing what we do regarding the crystalline structure of the universe, I find it intuitively makes a lot of sense, especially when coupled with prayer or intention. Our own magnificent bodies are crystalline, for which reason we need to realize we are either receiving and amplifying this negative entropy, or helping to convert it to a positive force.

It’s certainly something worth researching. But in whatever form we can, we should resist with consciousness in every form possible.

Conclusion

We’re under attack.

We need to be informed, aware and willing to inform others, as well as effect changes to help people escape the effects of these debilitating technologies as much as possible. As more and more people become aware of these facts, the change of consciousness and behavior that ensues will continue to transform our planet.

These are serious times we live in, and we need to respond accordingly.

Any way we can.

A very special thanks to http://collectivelyconscious.net/articles/the-electromagnetic-war-on-humanity/

 

 


Is this not happening also on our islands?

Fake Mobile Phone Towers Logging Innocent People’s Phone Calls

Rogue mobile phone towers which are able to snoop on people’s phone calls without their knowledge, have been discovered in the UK by Sky News.

IMSI catchers, or ‘Stingrays’, mimic mobile phone masts and trick mobile phones into logging on. Once logged on, the fake phone towers are able to snoop on the phone data without the person realizing.

The technology is being used by the Police and other agencies worldwide to target criminals, however civil rights groups are concerned that the technology allows organizations to snoop on innocent people’s communications as well.

Sky News reports:

“With IMSI catchers, it’s very difficult for them to be used in a targeted manner,” Eric King, deputy director of Privacy International, told Sky News.

“In an urban space, thousands of people’s mobile phones would be swept up in that dragnet. What they do with that data, we don’t know.

“We know police have been using them for years, but this is the first time that it’s been shown that they’re being deployed in the UK,” Mr King said.

Sky News used software made by GMSK Cryptophone, a German security company, to look for the tell-tale signs of Stingray activity.

Over three weeks, Sky News discovered more than 20 instances in London.

The CEO of Cryptophone, Bjoern Rupp, said: “The abnormal events that Sky News had encountered can clearly be categorised as strong indicators for the presence of IMSI catchers in multiple locations.”

Sky News has published its complete data logs here. This is believed to be the first direct evidence of Stingray use in the UK.

In November, The Times reported that the Metropolitan Police Service, the UK’s largest police force, was using Stingray technology, citing anonymous sources.

And according to The Guardian, the Metropolitan Police paid £143,455 for the surveillance equipment in 2009.

Despite repeated Freedom of Information requests, including by Sky News, the Met neither confirms nor denies that the force uses IMSI catchers.

Asked directly about the force’s use of stingrays by Sky News, Bernard Hogan-Howe, the Met commissioner and the UK’s most senior police officer, said: “We’re not going to talk about it, because the only people who benefit are the other side, and I see no reason in giving away that sort of thing.

“If people imagine that we’ve got the resources to do as much intrusion as they worry about, I would reassure them that it’s impossible.”

Keith Bristow, the director-general of the National Crime Agency, also told Sky News: “Some of what we would like to talk about to get the debate informed and logical, we can’t, because it would defeat the purpose of having the tactics in the first place.

“Frankly, some of what we need to do is intrusive, it is uncomfortable, and the important thing is we set that out openly and recognise there are difficult choices to be made.”

The police’s refusal to comment on IMSI catchers means the legal framework that governs their use is unclear.

Tim Johnston, a barrister who specialises in the law of surveillance at Brick Court Chambers, told Sky News: “Because it’s neither confirmed nor denied, we simply don’t know on what basis they are being used – if they are being used.

“We don’t know how they’re being overseen. There are a whole suite of commissioners that oversee communications, that oversee surveillance, and because we don’t know the statutory basis that’s being relied on, as a consequence we don’t know who – if anyone – is overseeing that use.”

IMSI catchers are nowadays available to buy on the internet for around £1,000. This raises the possibility that they might be by used foreign governments, private enterprises, or criminals to steal UK citizens’ personal data.

Because the police neither confirm nor deny that they use stingrays, it is impossible to say exactly who is operating the stingrays detected by Sky News.

Mobil phones

 

Brain control

For a long time people working on a way to control our brains
I find some patients who are very scared. We see there that the top try to control the human race


Visit this page and see it for your selves.

Publication number US3951134 A and US 6536440 B1

Mind control

Apparatus and method for remotely monitoring and altering brain waves
US 3951134 A

Method and system for generating sensory data onto the human neural cortex
US 6536440 B1

 

World War 3

Electro-magnetic Warfare

“Everyone worries about nuclear weapons as the most serious threat to our survival. Their danger is indeed immediate and overwhelming. In the long run, however, I believe the ultimate weapon is manipulation of our electromagnetic environment, because it’s imperceptibly subtle and strikes at the core of life itself. Even if we survive the chemical and atomic threats to our existence, there’s a strong possibility that increasing electropollution could set in motion irreversible changes leading to our extinction before we’re even aware of them.

It often seems there must be some other reason why today’s power elite are so willing to bring the whole world to the brink of so many kinds of destruction.

p327. The Body Electric by Robert O Becker.

The End of the Grand Cosmic Year.

The Grand Cosmic Year of twenty-six thousand years is grinding to a close, and push is coming to shove for all life on earth. As the power elite forge ahead for global dominion and electro-magnetic control of our species, they will in their arrogance unleash titanic elemental forces that will bring cosmic order to the chaos they have so wantonly created. Our technological, tyrannical and unjust world will perish… just like Atlantis, and all ‘civilisations’ that have met their doom with the closing of the programme.

The blocking mechanisms

In the four years of the reset Dec 2012-2016, the geometric frequency fences of sun, moon and planets are energetically at their weakest, and can no longer corrupt cosmic information. Without the frequency fences to distort reality, the satanic cabal have to create jamming mechanisms of their own to sabotage our ascension timeline. This is what Haarp, Cern and the smart grid is all about. It’s all designed to energetically block the evolutionary, cosmic information available at the end of each Grand Cosmic Year. The awareness that leads to the ascension process.

The poisons

The wave of negativity created by their frequency machine Haarp, scalar wave technology, demonic wars, vaccinations, poisonous food, drinks, entertainment and smart grid, are all attempts to keep us vibrationally resonating in their matrix game. The more blood they can spill, the more children they can terrorise, the more animals they can slaughter, all add to the lowering of planetary frequency.

Their aim is to distract and terrorise us on every level of our being…it’s called traumatic mind control.

The frequency that engulfs us when we are frightened is a slow and poisonous field that binds us deeper into the matrix game and disrupts our evolution and ascension timeline. This is the reason our satanic handlers are throwing the negative at us, they know about the cycles of time and what is on offer, and they are trying to make damn sure we don’t escape from their electro-magnetic web. They are deliberately keeping down the resonance of everything that exists in our reality, exploiting our chemically driven lusts, our fears, hopes and dreams.

They are desperate that we will resonate on the information field available at this time, and awaken to their scam. But their greatest fear is that we will claim sovereignty over our own minds, and regain our cosmic consciousness…our 90% de-activated DNA.

Fast frequency

As the battlefield of duality grinds to a close and the old programme[matrix] ends, we have an opportunity to escape from the confines of the human ‘loosh’ farm. The speed of human resonance is the key to this whole horrible reality we are taking part in and, for those of us who want to get on the bus and leave the farm, we have to understand its perimeters. The programme or matrix which is created by our collective hive mind thinking, only works in three dimensions not four: that’s the ‘Key made of Air’ right there.

A warriors resonance

I’m a traveller in this reality, and am not trying to convince anyone of anything, but it seems to me that many of us are sharing an energetic information highway. Our perspectives are being turned around, and with it our lives, and our concepts of reality are bizarre to many people. We no longer resonate with our family and friends, and become alienated by our new perspective. We are in shock and awe as our view of the world disintegrates…and are often overwhelmed by the confusion and despair that goes with it.

And, as we go further with our understanding, we realise that third dimensional reality is animated fractal geometry. The resonance of the broadcast is decoded and interpreted into five sense reality by our antennae, the chakra system in our bodies. The five band spectrum defines the perimeters of our physical consciousness, the world of touch, taste, smell, light and sound.

What interests me, is how fast we have to speed up our frequencies to resonate faster than the five bands of power that creates the farm.

The last fifteen months of the reset.

Proud man, dress’d in a little brief authority, Most ignorant of what he’s most assur’d—
His glassy essence—like an angry ape
Plays such fantastic tricks before high heaven
As makes the angels weep. Shakespeare.

Life is a wild ride when you are awake and watch the players in the programme; the two sides of everything, battling it out…thinking they can win. And meanwhile the blood flows, hatred grows, and all life is full of woes. The re-run of an ancient movie is projected on the screen of life, the blood-fest and carnage of war, the causes, the loves, the tragedies, the villains and heroes. It gets boring after a while..It makes you realise that the creator of the programme doesn’t possess imagination…it leaves that to us.

Trauma based mind control and the ascension timeline

Our present incarnation in this reality is the last in this cycle. For many, it will be the most difficult in terms of trauma. The burning off of the dross of karma is very painful, but if we can trust in the innate goodness of ourselves, and our other self the planet, this lifetime can bring the ultimate spiritual gift. A golden lining to the dark cloud on our horizon.

When we observe the programme’s very primitive game of survival, we will realise, that under certain conditions, we are all capable of horrific violence especially if we have a cause. This is Impostor Consciousness operating in a Satanic Reality. In the next fifteen months if we want to ride the bus out of the farm, we have to become our own spiritual midwives.

The ride

The ‘shift’ is a personal frequency change, a movement in the assemblage point to a level that vibrates outside the energetic perimeters of the farm, the third dimension.

Resonation is everything, let your intuition guide you. Re-connect with your compromised DNA…the planet and its creatures, because all that is required to ride the bus is an open fearless heart…. and the innocence of a child. For in the blaze of glory that is our true nature, the farm dissolves and a new reality appears.

In the meantime before we take our great adventure, we are either a sign post for each other or a dead end. So spread your intuitive truth, and if you want to enter the game, be without emotion, and place your intent for cosmic justice… in the foreground of your consciousness.
http://www.riseearth.com/2015/09/electro-magnetic-warfare.html

WW3

 

 

Elektro Magnetische Straling (EMS): Europese landen verbieden ‘WiFi’; wat doet Nederland..?

EMS hersentumoren

De Nederlandse overheid neemt geen voorzorgsmaatregelen tegen Elektro-magnetische straling, uit vrees voor onnodige onrust. In een uitzending van ZEMBLA over EMS, zegt professor E. Lebret van het ‘Kennisplatform Elektromagnetische Velden’ dat er geen onomstotelijk bewijs is dat mobiel bellen tot schadelijke gezondheidseffecten leidt.

‘En als je weinig over weet, dan maak je mensen onnodig ongerust als je vanuit voorzorg actief informatie gaat verspreiden’, aldus Professor Lebret. Maar risico-onderzoeker dr. Jeroen van der Sluijs van de Universiteit van Utrecht keurt de behoudende houding van het Kennisplatform af. ‘Ik zou als burger eerder in paniek zijn als de overheid stelselmatig waarschuwingen negeert en de gezondheid van de bevolking niet serieus neemt’.

En ook de Amerikaanse epidemioloog prof. dr. D. Davis, medeoprichter en voormalig directeur van het Centrum voor Milieu-Oncologie van de Universiteit van Pittsburgh, vindt de opstelling van het Nederlandse Kennisplatform onverantwoord. Haar woorden zouden als een hamerslag bij iedere Nederlander aan moeten komen:

‘De Nederlandse bevolking heeft het recht te weten waarom Belgen en Fransen verteld is hun kinderen tegen straling te beschermen. Het idee dat je mensen niet vertelt dat er mogelijk risico’s zijn, getuigt niet van respect voor hun integriteit en hun recht op informatie’, aldus Davis.

Davis was een jaar geleden – op uitnodiging van verschillende landen – in Europa om voorlichting te geven aan overheden over hoe zij de EMS-blootstelling (bijv. via straling van draadloze apparatuur) kunnen verminderen. Nederland had Davis niet uitgenodigd…!

Europese landen verbieden ‘WiFi’; wat doet Nederland..?

WIfi1

En wat doet Nederland??

Vergelijking van het absorptieniveau van EMS (electro magnetische straling) in schedels van jongeren en volwassenen.

Vergelijking van het absorptieniveau van EMS (electro magnetische straling) in schedels van jongeren en volwassenen. Zou de Gezondheidsraad niet op de hoogte zijn van deze onderzoeken..!?

Inmiddels is in Frankrijk het gebruiken van Wi-Fi en GSM verboden op scholen, niet om van het storende gebruik van mobiele telefoons af te zijn, maar.. om gezondheidsredenen! België verbiedt al gsm’s voor kinderen tot 7 jaar en ook erkent het gerechtshof in Israël en Italië het causale verband tussen een (hersen-)tumor en straling van een mobiele telefoon.

In de meeste landen aan voorlichting gedaan en gelden strenge regels omtrent de plaatsing van zendmasten voor UMTS/GSM/LTE (niet in de buurt van woonwijken of scholen). Maar in Nederland wordt echter, zonder enig overleg van betekenis, momenteel gewerkt aan het uitrollen van een nieuw, 4-Gigahertz-netwerk. Het netwerk dat er in Brussel nu nog niet kan komen, omdat het daar alle gezondheidsnormen overschrijdt..!

Nederland hanteert inmiddels de hoogste (lees; de meest onverschillige) norm van heel Europa, dus hier kan ‘gewoon’ alles op dit gebied. Dat er allang en ruimschoots kankerclusters ontstaan rondom deze masten doet niets af aan het omstreden (enkel sussende) advies van ‘onze’ Gezondheidsraad. Deze zegt dat er geen schadelijke effecten bekend zijn.

Onderzoek dat gesponsord is door de telecom-industrie (hier als rood aangegeven), blijkt relatief váker positieve resultaten te laten zien over de schadelijkheid van mobiele telefonie. Raar hè..? Wiens brood men eet, diens woord men kennelijk nog steeds spreekt. Ook als wetenschapper..!

Wat de Gezondheidsraad bedoelt te zeggen, is dat er geen geaccepteerde wetenschappelijke verklaring is voor de verschijnselen, die tóch al in meer dan 5000 onafhankelijke studies zijn aangetoond! Maar iedereen lijkt het allemaal best te vinden. Want als het toch zo slecht was, lieten ze het toch allemaal niet toe..? Over ‘De nieuwe kleren van de keizer’ gesproken..
Dat is aan een kant ook wel logisch, want niemand legt de simpele verbanden tussen de slaapstoornissen, die enorm aan het toenemen zijn, concentratiestoornissen, ellenlange griepepidemieën en ga zo maar door. Dat alles in relatie met deze toegenomen straling, want er kan toch niks aan de hand zijn. De wijze mensen van de Gezondheidsraad hebben het immers zo besloten en gezegd..!

WIfi2

Volledig en helaas ten onrechte…!
In 2007 en 2012 verrichtte het ‘Bioinitiative’, een groep onafhankelijke wetenschappers, een onderzoek naar de gevolgen van Electro Magnetische Velden (EMV). Op basis van ruim 3800 wetenschappelijke onderzoeken concludeerden zij dat er sprake is van een breed spectrum van schadelijke biologische effecten, die al ver onder de huidige blootstellingnorm optreden. Tegelijkertijd zijn het Duitse bouwbiologen die een norm hanteren van 0,1 microwatt per m2. Een richtlijn die enkele miljoenen malen onder onze landelijke norm (vrijbrief voor de industrie) ligt..!

Tevens zegt deze groep wetenschappers dat er al meer dan genoeg bewijs ligt om de schadelijke effecten van straling (afkomstig van Wi-Fi, Dect, GSM, UMTS, slimme meters en allerhande kinderspeelgoed) te erkennen. Deze effecten liggen op het vlak van:

algehele vermoeidheid,
slechter slapen,
concentratie en geheugen-problemen,
een ernstig verzwakt immuunsysteem (met alle gevolgen van dien),
tot aan DNA schade aan toe.

WIfi3

Enkele bronnen van EMS, elektro-magnetische straling

Wat weet de Nederlandse regering méér dan de Raad van Europa..?
Ook de Raad van Europa, bekend van het Europees Verdrag voor de Rechten van de Mens, stelt in 2011 vast dat elektromagnetische velden een gevaar voor de volksgezondheid opleveren. Zij roept op tot het verlagen van de blootstellingslimieten, raadt aan alle draadloze apparatuur uit klaslokalen te verwijderen en wil dat speciale maatregelen getroffen worden om elektrogevoelige personen te beschermen. De geadviseerde blootstellingslimiet is 0,2 Volt per meter.

Toch gebeurt tot op heden nog niets. Verschillende ‘krachten’ zullen hier waarschijnlijk debet aan zijn, maar wat zeker is, is dat jouw en mijn gezondheid hierbij het onderspit delft. Krachten als het financiële gewin door zowel Telecombedrijven als de ‘vaderlandse’ politiek (Die maar liefst € 11 miljard verdiende door verkoop van frequenties), sommige gevestigde, doch achterhaalde, wetenschappelijke opvattingen alsmede de populariteit (verslaving) van de stralingsbronnen of gebruikers ‘an sich’, maken deze discussie er niet gemakkelijker op.
Het lijkt allemaal zo leuk, maar het is feite ONVERANTWOORD!

WIfi4

Het lijkt allemaal zo leuk, maar het feitelijk is het ONVERANTWOORD!

Over mezelf..
Door de klachten, die ik zelf, en ‘gelukkig op tijd’ kon terugvoeren op deze stralingsbronnen, ben ik genoodzaakt geweest om goed in deze materie te duiken. Mijn conclusie is dat de enige manier die helpt om de klachten te laten stoppen, anders dan in een neergaande spiraal terrecht te komen, is de stralingsbronnen van EMS te verwijderen..!

Daarom is meer kennis van EMS noodzakelijk. Naast kennis over straling en apparatuur ben ik ook in de totstandkoming van het huidige beleid gedoken. Mijn conclusie is: ‘Dat beleid is er niet!’..

Wat uit mijn onderzoek allemaal naar boven kwam, blijkt vaak te kwalificeren als ‘slordig’ en soms ‘regelrecht crimineel’.. De discussie zal door de enorme economische belangen nog wel even doorgaan (net als dat het geval was en is, bij roken en asbest).

Pas iets toe als het veilig is, niet andersom!
Maar ik hoop dat we deze keer wat eerder in actie komen dan bij roken en asbest. Zoals dr. Jeroen van der Sluijs (communicatie onzekere factoren) op 10 januari 2013 uitlegde, hoeft voor het toepassen van een voorzorgsprincipe niet 100% wetenschappelijke consensus te zijn. Dat we het mechanisme nog ni
et begrijpen, wil niet zeggen dat we de effecten kunnen negeren!

WIfi5

Dr. Jeroen van der Sluis

Bovendien is wat het ‘Kennisplatform’ en de ‘Gezondheidsraad’ willen gewoon niet mogelijk. Je kunt statistisch gezien nooit met 95% zekerheid aantonen dat EMS wel of niet schadelijk is, want daar heb je meer dan 8 miljard muizen voor nodig! Aangezien er al bijzonder veel aanwijzingen zijn dat EMS uiterst sluipend schadelijk is, is het hoogste tijd om de bewijslast om te draaien..! Andersom gezegd: pas deze heftige techniek pas toe, als die volstrekt veilig blijkt te zijn!

Bescherming van mensen en hun gezondheid door redelijke normen vast te stellen. Dat is een politieke keuze die op dit moment, gezien de enorme toename van de gezondheidsproblemen (en –kosten) in Nederland, absoluut niet de aandacht krijgt die deze verdient. Integendeel, soms helpt de politiek heel naïef zelfs met het uitrollen van Wi-Fi in steden.

petitie elektrosmogIn Israël adviseert de gezondheidsraad geen DECT-telefoons in huis te halen vanwege de veel te sterke straling..! Dit onderzoek over de schadelijkheid van DECT-telefoons, is ook simpelweg in Nederland te vinden. (Kijk HIER op de site vanStopUMTS voor informatie over DECT)

Daarnaast adviseert de gezondheidsraad om handsfree te bellen en raadt zij apparatuur op de slaapkamer ten zeerste af. En wat doet Nederland? “Laten we de burger niet nodeloos ongerust maken?! De claims kunnen nogal uit de klauwen gaan lopen, dus niet te veel over praten, vooral ontkennen en sussen. Het is inderdaad beter als iedereen langzaam ziek, zwak en misselijk wordt. De kosten en het leed dat dit veroorzaakt worden voorlopig toch niet aan EMV gerelateerd.”

 

 

 
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